Introduction to Dyslexia
Dyslexia is a reading disability, which means the children cannot read, spell,
and write fitly. The children diagnosed with Dyslexia cannot pronounce and read
the phonemes exactly, such as if a word is “camel,” they may pronounce it “lemac.”
It means they cannot get how the words sound when some alphabets are
joined to make them. The brain’s area responsible for the processing of
reading, writing, and related learning tasks is problematic and cannot decode the
words that the child hears.
Daily times Pakistan reported, Around 15% to 20% of students in each class in
Pakistan is afflicted with Dyslexia.
How to diagnose Dyslexia
There is not only one test to identify this disease. Such as it is reported that
people or children having this disease usually ask for vision problems although
medically there is no such problem with their vision, but they think they have it,
Moreover, doctors can identify by observing your child's body language. Children
having Dyslexia clears their throats repeatedly.
Not only these observations and little testing are enough to diagnose this disease.
There is a range of tests that are used to identify this disease. Some important and
prominent of them are listed here:
It is a kind of testing in which a doctor will ask you and your children's teacher to
determine the mental health of your son/daughter. The pro is that you can
recognize the factors that may be undermining your child's abilities, such as
depression, anxiety, and family problems.
A speech therapist may ask your child to attempt a specific number of tests so that
he can identify the reading and writing skills and disabilities of your child
A few other factors
A few other factors are also considered while diagnosing this
disorder, such as genes may cause it as if previously in your family
someone has this; then your child is likely to suffer it. In addition to it, some.
questions related to the daily life of your child and about your family members
maybe asked by your doctor.
How Dyslexia is treated
Several people say that this disease has a cure, but the reality
is a bit different from it. Surprisingly this disease does not have any treatment. Still, early
intervention and some remedies with a doctor’s consultation may result in better,
but if ignored for a long time, it will have worse effects.
For treating this disease, there are a lot of therapies and techniques used.
Contribution of a child's school teacher
Your child's teacher can play a significant role in treating this disability.
Dyslexia is treated with the help of some specific techniques. Teachers can play a significant role in how the students can get rid of this disease. Such as teachers
can utilize all of the senses, hearing, vision, and touching on teaching students the
pronunciation of words and have sessions in separate classrooms to teach them to
read correctly. Furthermore, the alphabet made of plastic should be used to understand how an alphabet looks.
Role of parents
As the parents of your child, you have to make a massive contribution while treating
your child with Dyslexia. You should speak with your child regularly and make
him read the easy words.
Individualized Educational plans (IEPs)
Teachers are legally obliged to set up educational and learning plans to help
students diagnosed with Dyslexia. Parents should personally take part in it and
cooperate with their child's teacher to make an appropriate plan to
decide how to tackle the disorder. Every year this plan can be edited based upon
the progress of their child.
These were the three most essential factors that play a massive role in the
treatment of Dyslexia. Although this is not it, there are a lot of other techniques and
Methods. You can enrol your child in various courses like Orton-Gillingham.
Apart from this, the use of multisensory techniques will play a vital
Research and written by Junaid Amjad