What is speech therapy? - Dysphasia
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What is speech therapy?

 Introduction to speech therapy

speech therapy
What is speech therapy?

Speech therapy or audiology is a curing method applied to treat speaking disorders such as
dyslexia. It is done by professionals called speech therapists.
Speech therapy enhances communication and speech skills. If a speech-language pathologist
conducts a speech therapy for a child, he will utilize a range of techniques depending upon which
type of disorder he or she has diagnosed.
National Institute on Deafness and other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) of USA reported
that 1 in every 12 children of age 3-17 has speaking or any other communication disorders, the
fact is that 34% of these ages 3-10. Around 55% of US children age 3-17 have different
speaking, reading, and related disorders.
These diseases are cured by speech therapy.
Speech therapy is applicable as the treatment method of a wide range of diseases such as
dyslexia and reading disability. 7% of children in America have been diagnosed with at least one
speaking disorder.
Some of the diseases treated with dyslexia are:
 Cognitive disorders
It is a mental disorder that affects learning and memory. Cognitive disorders harshly affect the
memory and other related factors listed below.
 Language
 Organization
 Orientation
 Reasoning
 Attention
There are various causes of cognitive disorder such as stroke
 Dysarthria
It is a condition in which a person speaks words distinctly and mumbles a person cannot handle
the muscles of the mouth responsible for speech and language. It is usually caused by the
nervous disorders that cause tongue and throat weaknesses and stroke as well.
 sonority disorders
It happens when the nasal hinders the oscillations responsible for language quality due to the
blockage in the nasal.
 Receptive disorders
It is a kind of disability in which the person cannot process what he hears. He or she cannot get
what the other says. Some other language disorders like a hearing loss may be a cause of it.
 Articulation disability
Articulation disability is unfitly pronouncing words. A child with this disorder mix and swaps
the sounds of words such as if a phoneme is (tap), he may pronounce it (pat), so he can
barely understand the correct pronunciation.
 Fluency disorders
A fluency disorder is the one that resists the frequency and momentum of the speech. A person
having fluency disorder may repeat the words during speech may be interrupted. A person with
fluency disorders mixes up the words together and often speaks very fast.
 Spasmodic dysphonia

Spasmodic dysphonia is a speaking related syndrome caused by the
voice lynx (it is a box situated in the throat which is responsible for the originating of voice).
 Aphasia
Aphasia is a type of disability in which the person cannot speak and understand others and
it affects the ability to read and write. Stroke is the most common cause of aphasia. The part of
the cerebrum responsible for the handling of language does not do good. Around 1 million people in
the USA have aphasia (National Institute on Deafness and other Communication Disorders)


Research and written by Junaid Amjad

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